Type II Diabetes is becoming more and more prevalent in the United States.  Diabetes is when blood sugar levels run higher than normal.  These high levels can cause damage to different parts of the body such as kidneys, cardiovascular system, nervous system, and eyes.

Lots of times when talking of managing diabetes we refer to the “ABCs” of diabetes which are A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol.

A1C– This blood test shows what a person’s sugar levels have been over the last 3 months. It is measured in percent. Generally speaking it should be below 7%.  This test is used to diagnose diabetes.  Below 5.7% is normal.  Two measurements 6.5% or higher indicate diabetes. Some people say between 5.7% &  6.4% is “pre-diabetic” or “borderline.”

Blood Pressure– The goal for diabetics is generally  for blood pressure to be less than 140/90.  Different doctors have different recommendations.  See resources on Heart Disease page for managing blood pressure.

Cholesterol- Cholesterol numbers most often looked at are LDL  (the “bad” cholesterol) –  and HDL (the “good” cholesterol).  The goal is for a low LDL and a high HDL.  See resources on Heart Disease page for managing cholesterol levels.

When discussing diabetes people refer to sugar levels and glucose levels.  These terms are essentially interchangeable.

Two main terms to know when diagnosed with diabetes are hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia.  Every diabetic and their family members should know the signs and symptoms of each.  Hypoglycemia is when blood sugar is low. Some symptoms of low blood sugar are: weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and sweating.  Hyperglycemia is when blood sugar is high. Some symptoms of high blood sugar are: thirstiness, hunger, blurred vision, and drowsiness.

Let me help you stay on track with managing your diabetes with the course that is right for you. 

Free Resources for Managing Diabetes

Newer RECOMMENDED Resources:



Video: Dr. Bernard’s Ted Talk on Diabetes




OLDER Resources:

Type 2 Diabetes Nutrition Therapy – American Dietetic Association

Control the ABCs of Diabetes – National Institutes of Health

Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia Signs and Symptoms – Novo Nordisk

A1C Do You Know What Your “Number” Is? and tracker – GlaxoSmithKline

A1C Know Your Number A1C Tracker – GlaxoSmithKline

4 Steps to Control Your Diabetes for Life – National Diabetes Education Program

Choose To Live, Your Diabetes Survival Guide – American Diabetes Association

Food 4 Life Living Well With Diabetes – Texas Diabetes Council

Feature photo by Jordan Whitfield.